United Nations Development Programme

Afghanistan

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Millennium Development Goals in Afghanistan

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Afghanistan’s New Beginnings Programme (ANBP)

Thematic Areas: Democratic Governance

DIAG Annual Progress Report 2010

DIAG Progress Report Quarter 3 2010

DIAG Progress Report Quarter 2 2010

DIAG Progress Report Quarter 1 2010

Progress Report Quarter 2 2009

Progress Report Quarter 1 2009

DIAG Annual Progress Report 2009

DIAG Annual Report 2008

DIAG Annual Report 2007
DIAG Annual Report 2007 - Annex 2
DIAG Annual Report 2007 - Annex 3
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 1 2008
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 2 2008
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 2 2008 Annex 1 AWP
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 3 2008
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 1 2007
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 2 2007
DIAG Progress Report Quarter 3 2007
DIAG Annual Report 2006

APMASD Annual Report 2008
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 1 2008
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 2 2008
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 3 2008
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 3 2008 Annex 1 AWP
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 1 2007
APMASD Progress Report Quarter 2 2007
APMASD Annual Report 2006

[Last Updated November 2010]

Project Start Date: 2003
Project End Date: March 2011
Project Location: Seven zones of the Country
Status of the Project: Ongoing
Implementing Partners: Disarmament and Reintegration Commission (D&RC), Ministry of Interior (MoI) and Ministry of Defence (MoD)

http://www.undpanbp.org

ANBP is a UNDP programme established in April 2003 to assist the Government of Afghanistan in the Disbandment, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) of the Afghan Military Forces (AMF). ANBP’s mandate has evolved within the Security Sector Reform and today encompasses three related projects

Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG)

  1. Anti-Personnel Mine & Ammunition Stockpile Destruction (APMASD)
  2. Disarmament, Demobilization & Reintegration (DDR) & Heavy weapons cantonment

These UNDP/ANBP projects contribute to the Security Sector and Economic and Social Development benchmarks of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy:

1. Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) (Jan 2005 – Mar 2011)

Recognizing the need to support and strengthen a Government initiative to tackle the problems caused by numerous illegal armed groups in Afghanistan, the Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) project aims at supporting the Government in improving human security through disarmament and disbandment of illegal armed groups and reducing the level of armed violence in the community.

DIAG also seeks to empower existing Government programmes for socio-economic development to enhance stability and the promotion of good governance, which is an essential part of the Security Sector Reforms in Afghanistan.

As of 23 rd June 2009, DIAG has collected a total of 44,959 weapons. Also, 599 IAG signed a DIAG Statement of Declaration and announced that they have disbanded their groups and handed over their weapons. Additionally, DIAG District Implementation (DDI) was introduced in the second quarter of 2007, whereby districts identified as more capable of carrying out DIAG with minimal support were targeted.

To date, 105 districts are targeted and 73 districts have complied. DIAG has made significant progress in enhancing the Government’s capacity to fully implement DIAG on its own. The MoI DIAG Unit was inaugurated in November 2008. A MoI appointments panel with D&R Commission input selected 33 police staff for the central unit to work in the DIAG Unit under the Counter-Terrorism Unit. Finally, 39 private security companies (PSCs) received licenses under the PSC registration process.

2- Anti-Personnel Mine & Ammunition Stockpile Destruction (2005-2008) (technically it ended in January 2009 for us)

In July 2005, a nationwide project for the destruction of anti-personnel mines and ammunition was launched when the Government of Afghanistan and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) signed an Agreement on Anti-Personnel Mines & Ammunition Stockpile Destruction (APMASD). In line with this project, ammunition deemed safe to be moved were transported to secure storage facilities while the remainder were destroyed.

This project assisted the Government of Afghanistan in meeting its anti-personnel mines stockpile destruction obligations as a State Party to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, also known as the Ottawa Convention.

APMASD made considerable achievements over the life of the project towards expected outcomes and outputs. Government institutions involved in APMASD were strengthened and able to provide greater security to many parts of Afghanistan by reducing the amount of mines and ammunition outside the Government’s control.

The output on joint planning support to the Government was accomplished through the provision of technical assistance to the Ammunition Working Group, upgrading the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Frontline database, and preparing an exit strategy for the handover of all project responsibility to the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in January 2009.

The second output on identifying, moving, and destroying mines and ammunition was advanced by the Ammunition Survey Teams and the implementing partners across every province in the country. By the end of 2008, APMASD had surveyed in total nearly 37,000 metric tons of ammunition and destroyed approximately 20,000 metric tons. Over half a million anti-personnel mines were destroyed, which significantly reduces the chances of dismemberment or death of the population.

The success of APMASD over the years was due in great part to effective communication and coordination among stakeholders, namely MoD, Afghanistan’s New Beginnings Programme (ANBP), and the implementing partners. Also, MoD’s capacity for surveying ammunition, organizing its transport, and collecting data was significantly enhanced by the training of Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (ATL) officers.

The capacity building component of this project pertaining to training of selected personnel in charge of ammunition handling and storage resulted in the complete handover of the Ammunition Survey Team support activities at National Ammunition Depot at Khairabad ahead of the envisioned time schedule.

Similarly in 2007, custodianship of all eight Ammunition Consolidation Points was transferred to the MoD. ANBP registered MoD staff in English lessons in order to operate effectively the English language database.

As a result of the capacity building initiatives, MoD was prepared to assume control of the project at its closure in January 2009 and ANBP will provide technical and logistical support as requested from MoD to facilitate continued success.

• Ammunition consolidated 36,930 tons
• Ammunition destroyed 21,142.64 tons
• Anti-Personnel Mines destroyed 507,728 pcs
• Anti-Tank Mines destroyed 22,503 pcs
• Total caches surveyed 22,659 tons

3-Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (2003 – 2006)

As part of the Security Sector Reforms (SSR), ANBP aimed to support the Government of Afghanistan (GoA) in establishing and implementing a comprehensive, country-wide Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme of the Afghan Military Forces (AMF), in line with the commitment of the Tokyo conference in February 2003.

The immediate objective of DDR was to encourage former AMF to leave their military allegiance behind and look forward to a civilian life of gainful employment in community solidarity. The DDR mandate came to an end in June 2006 with the last AMF members officially handing their weapons over to President Karzai in a ceremony held in Kabul.

During this period, the DDR programme successfully achieved its planned outputs through disarming, demobilizing and providing reintegration support to approximately 63,000 ex-combatants.

ANBP’s mandate not only required it to dismantle the AMF, but its unique capacity in Afghanistan brought about additional responsibilities. In support of the Afghan Government, and at its specific request, ANBP started a nationwide ammunition survey, collecting and destroying the most dangerous anti-personnel mine and ammunition stockpiles, and assisted in the Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG).

Future Priorities

ANBP will continue to support the Government in implementing and managing DIAG through assistance with planning, capacity building and implementation. The MOI capacity building action plan will be carried out between November 2008 and March 2010, by which time the Government will be completely responsible for DIAG. For DIAG activities that are tied to other UNDP projects, including the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) and the National Area Based Development Programme (NABDP), ANBP will remain engaged with UNDP Country Office to expedite the projects.

ANBP is defining a new approach to implementing DDI in districts with a more complex security situation. This new approach features the rapid delivery of livelihood assistance projects. Based on a proper needs assessment of the communities, these DIAG Support Projects (DSP) intend to support development needs of the communities by providing alternative (legal, non-criminal) livelihood opportunities. The DSPs should not be viewed as independent development projects, but instead would function as part of a broader reintegration package.

Partnerships and Resources

DDR Budget: US$ 140,930,315
Received Budget: US$ 140,936,315
Donors: Japan, United Kingdom, Canada, United States, Netherlands, European Union, Norway, Switzerland, EC

Mines & Ammunition Target Budget: US$ 22,744,135.76
Received Budget: US$ 21,510,508
Balance Commitment to be received: US$ 1,233,587. 79
Donors: Canada, UK, MOF, UNDP, EC, Norway, Netherlands

DIAG:
Received Budget: US$ 36,761,604
Donors: Japan , Canada, UK, Switzerland, Netherlands, Denmark, UNDP, Italy, Norway, USA

Contacts:

Kavil Mohan, Acting Programme Director (kmohan@anbpafg.org)
Mushtaq Rahim, Programme Officer (mushtaq.rahim2@undp.org)
Naimatullah Assadzada, National Programme Officer ( Naimatullah.assadzada@undp.org )

 

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