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Afghanistan

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Millennium Development Goals in Afghanistan

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National Joint Youth Programme (NJYP)

Thematic Area: Democratic Governance

Annual Report 2008

Progress Report Quarter 1 2009

Annual Report 2007
Annual Report 2007 - Annex I
Progress Report Quarter 1 2008
Progress Report Quarter 3 2008
Progress Report Quarter 3 2008 Annex 1 AWP
Progress Report Mid-Year 2007
Progress Report Quarter 3 2007

[Last Updated April 2009]

Project Start Date: January 2007
Project End Date: December 2008
Project Location: Kabul
Status of the project: Ongoing
Component (MYFF): Goal 1, 2, 4 and 5
Implementing Partners / Responsible parties: UNDP, UNICEF, UN-HABITAT, UNESCO, UNV, UNFPA, UNAMA, FAO, ILO

Background

68% of the population of Afghanistan is below 25 years of age. This majority segment of the population is generally disfranchised, lacks educational and employment opportunities, and rarely participates in decision-making at community, province or national level. The situation of Afghan girls is of particular concern - under traditional pressures they enter early marriage and early pregnancy, contributing to Afghanistan’s dire MMR and IMR. Youth literacy rates are low; 50% for boys and 18% for girls; secondary school enrolments are respectively 23% and 7%, and less than 1% of the Afghan population reaches higher education.

Faced with these challenges, Afghan youth are at a major risk of oppression, unemployment, and low wages and therefore to induction into the narcotics industry, illegally armed groups, insurgents and terrorist organizations. This generation of youth, having experience of conflict and exile, needs to now be empowered and provided with alterative opportunities. Their fresh perspectives, their prejudice-free minds, their energy, enthusiasm and determination must be channelled for promoting peace and development in Afghanistan. This enormous reservoir of human capital will provide the future leaders of the country’s political, business and civil arena.

In order to better address these youth development goals to be addressed in the programme, the seven UN agencies (UNAMA, UNICEF, UNDP, UN-HABITAT, UNESCO, UNV and UNFPA) and eight government ministries have decided to develop a joint programme. The joint programme was signed by all parties in the end of 2006. The joint programme will be for the period 2007 – 2008. Then the extension of the program has been approved by Board up to 2010.

The National Youth Programme will primarily focus on the dual objectives of insuring that:

1. Afghan Youth participate effectively in socio-political process, with emphasis on national and local governance, democracy, reconstruction and peace building
2. Afghan young women and men have access to, and participate in, the socio-economic development, with emphasis on education, skills development and employment opportunities.

To achieve the programme outcomes of meaningful participation of Afghan youth in socio-political processes and socio-economic development four main components are envisioned:

1. Strengthening the capacity of the Government to respond to the needs of the youth of the country.
2. Promoting non-formal education, increasing awareness and developing skills (literacy, leadership, strategic planning, conflict resolution, peace-building, etc.) in young people so to provide better quality of life and livelihood opportunities.
3. Engaging youth in governance, development and social-political processes at local, district, municipal, provincial and national level, ensuring the participation of young women and men in democracy and advocacy.
4. Promoting volunteerism for peace and development and establishing a youth volunteer corps for Afghanistan.

In order to maintain strong national ownership, the programme will be led by the Government and become a national programme. By engaging several Ministries and UN agencies in a joint programme more leverage, political support and resources can be secured from the Government and from the UN system in support to the youth sector. The National Youth Programme is providing a strong platform for coordination of youth programming and youth policy-making in Afghanistan.

Achievements: The achievements are listed under each expected out put of the project below.

Output 1: Government capacity to support and provide services to youth strengthened

• Capacity Assessment and Development of a Capacity Development Strategy for the Office of the Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs is being done and will be completed by end of January 2008.

• The National Youth Advocacy Conference was held in August to provide youth the opportunity to inform the Government of their needs. 217 youth (138 male and 79 females) representing all 34 provinces in Afghanistan reviewed the JNYP including its response to the MDGs and the ANDS. A draft Declaration of 320 youth issues was presented to UN agencies and ministries.

• Model Child Protection Action Networks have been monitoring child protection cases in 11 selected provinces, in close collaboration with the Police and Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission. Over 100 cases of child rights violations have been referred to provincial Child Protection Action Networks. The mapping and assessment of child protection services in respective provinces was completed and it is the first step to develop a functional and effective referral system in the provinces to support children who are in need of special protection. The training of child protection service providers has started in 9 provinces.

• UN-HABITAT organized an exposure visit for DMYA to India and UNFPA sent DMYA representatives to Bangladesh to build their capacity in learning about other youth policies and programmes in the region and determine the adaptability of this knowledge.

• UN-HABITAT conducted a training of 30 DMYA staff in civic education using a Participatory Learning and Action Planning. 40 Office of the Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs officials from central and provincial levels were trained in the following areas to assist in their programme and policy development knowledge and skills: youth rights, gender, leadership, transparency, accountability, volunteerism, community development, governance, conflict-resolution, peace building, development planning, strategic planning, consultation, project design, and fund raising.

• The Participatory Learning and Action Planning modules 1 to 4 (youth and local governance, youth development planning, youth fund raising, and youth project design); the training manuals, operational guidelines and toolkits have been distributed to stakeholders.

• UNDP signed contract with English institute to teach English lessons to 20 DMYA staff

• UNFPA provided equipment to two Youth Centres. One is the Youth Information Centre located in district 5 of Kabul, the other centre is the Youth Friendly Information and service Centre located in district one of Kabul in Polyclinic, and is a joint effort with the Ministry of Public Health. Recently UNFPA has established a new youth center in Heart province.

• The USAID funded Youth Empowerment Programme produced a 15 minutes promotional film entitled ‘Development and Changes by Civic Education”. Other promotional material included 300 T-shirts, a brochure, monthly newsletters, and 3000 newspapers. The material was distributed to the Office of the Minister of Youth Affairs and the 120 councils in 6 provinces (Balkh, Kabul, Bamyan, Farah, Nangarhar and Kandahar).

• UNDP sponsored the participation of 13 participants who were selected to participate in an International Symposium on youth policy in India (ten from Line Ministries, one from Afghanistan National Development Strategy Secretariat and two from UNDP). Five additional participants were identified by UN-HABITAT. The Symposium, was held in October, provided the participants with knowledge and tools to become more aware and responsive to the situation of youth in Afghanistan.

• The project board meeting approved the partnership of two new UN agencies (FAO, ILO) in the JNYP in Dec/10/2007.

• FAO, the new member of JNYP will conduct awareness raising and training workshop on working with youth in the agriculture sector for MAIL staff and relevant partners

• FAO will work on ddefinition of MAIL's strategy for working with youth in agriculture

Output 2: Youth have better quality of life and improved access to livelihood opportunities, through increased awareness, education and skills development.

• UNICEF, In close partnership with the office of the Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs six Youth Information and Contact Centres were established in Nangarahar, Bamyan, Kunduz, Balkh, Hirat and Kandahar provinces. Premises of the six Centres were provided by the Office of the Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs, and they have plan of establishment of 8 new centres in war affected provinces like Ghazni, Dikondi, Nooristan, Laghman, Khost, Paktya, Farah, and Badakhshan.

• UNFPA provided Training on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health ASRH for 46 peer educator supervisors (f/m) was conducted in two youth centers in Kabul.

• A Youth Training Assembly created a pilot youth parliament through collaboration between the JNYP and the UNDP Support to Establishment of Afghan Legislature SEAL project. Over 101 youth were selected from 91 high schools in Kabul to participate in parliamentary processes.

• UN-HABITAT, 360 Youth in Kabul, Kandahar, Balkh, Jalalabad, Farah, Bamyan (180 boys, and 180 girls) were trained as facilitators for youth assessments and youth surveys. More than 2580 youth (1290 girls and 1290 boys from 6 provinces) trained in development planning and project design and management, resource-mobilization, partnership-building, monitoring and evaluation, community education strategies, advocacy, and networking.

• Training is ongoing for peer educators and there is collaboration with UNESCO and the Deputy Ministry of Youth Affairs, Ministry of Public Health and Ministry of Education in support of this effort.

• Between January and June 2007, as part of UNICEF-assisted Reintegration project for ex-child soldiers and other war-affected children, 3,541 children of the ages 14-18 years have received health education and information in Hirat, Farah, Ghor, Badghis, Khost, Paktika, Ghazni, Faryab and Kandahar provinces.

• FAO joined the Joint National Youth Programme from 1st January 2008 and will provide Agriculture-related vocational skills training to 600 youth, with provision of equipment to support youth employment and income generation, FAO will also Establish 87 school gardens in 5 provinces (Bamyan, Badakshan, Herat, Kabul and Nangarhar) during 2008.

• ILO become member of the JNYP from the 1st January 2008 and has established 13 employment centres in different provinces( 4 centers in Kabul, one in each province of Herat, Nanagarhar, Mazar Kundoz, Jawzjan, Kandahar Baghlan, Ghazni and gardez, and will Assist young jobseekers through the national network of Employment Service Centres: registration, career guidance, job application training, referral towards training and job placement

Output 3: Youth participation in governance and social-political processed enhanced.

• UN-HABITAT, Local Youth Councils were established consisting of 60 girls and 60 boys were established in 60 villages and neighbourhoods of 6 provinces (Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Kabul, Kandahar and Nengarhar).

• 120 youth development plan were designed by youth. The fund raising activities have started on time and will continue.

• 100 self-initiated projects were developed by youth in 6 provinces. The initiatives include tailoring courses, home tuitions, handicrafts tuitions, English lessons and support to computer centres.

• UNESCO, HIV/AIDS education was provided at the New Years event.

• Orientation and training sessions were carried out at teacher training college and Education University, over 100 teachers trained on how to teach this subject to the other groups of students to raise awareness among youth.

Output 4 Mechanisms are in place to engage youth in volunteering for peace and development.

• The activities under Output 4 were not carried out in 2007 due to a lack of funding. The activities will be conducted in 2008 depending on the availability of funds. Proposals have been submitted to a number of funding sources.

Resources:

Total Budget: $21, 443,000
Unfunded: $ 8,336,232
UNDP budget: $ 1,111,928
UNDP funded: $ 1,111,928
Donors: USAID, Dept of Labour USA, NORAD, Government of Spain, SIDA

Contacts:

Dr.Enayatullah Mayel, Deputy Project Manager (enayatullah.mayel@undp.org)
Yama Helaman, Programme Officer (yama.helaman@undp.org)
Muhammad Khabir, National Programme Associate (muhammad.khabir@undp.org)

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